What is Life Saving Rules ? | Konsultan Safety di Jakarta


1.Foreword

IOGP Member companies recognise the value of providing clear, simple, and consistent information regarding risks in the workplace and the proper use of barriers and safeguards to protect the workforce. In 2010 IOGP published a set of Life-Saving Rules to mitigate risk and reduce fatalities in the oil and gas industry. These were derived from analysis data reported to IOGP: 1484 fatal incidents (1991-2010) and 1173 high potential events (2000-2010). Following these simple rules could have prevented around 70% of these fatalities.

While member companies and others benefit from implementing their own programmes, there is greater clarity and effectiveness to be gained in standardising Life-Saving Rules across the industry. Over 80% of the workforce, and around 80% of fatalities, are contractor employees (Fig 1). Contractors are required to learn numerous process requirements for each client, even though the operating practices, activities, and risks are fundamentally the same.

The nine Life-Saving Rules are shown in Figure 2. These Rules focus on the activities which, through rigorous data analysis, have been shown to most likely result in fatalities. Each Rule consists of an icon and simple life-saving actions individuals can take to prevent a work related fatality.

In 2018, IOGP re-examined the applicability of the 2010 Rules against the most recent fatality data. With the revision of this report, IOGP launches a simplified set of Life-Saving Rules (Figure 2) to provide workers in the industry with the actions they can take to protect themselves and their colleagues from fatalities. With a reduced number of rules (nine reduced from 18), but still covering a similar scope, IOGP aims to improve the level of industry-wide adoption across the global oil and gas industry. Since 2008, 376 lives could have been potentially saved by following the revised IOGP Life-Saving Rules (See Appendix A for data analysis, Rule development, and applicability).

The IOGP Life-Saving Rules are not intended to address all risks and hazards in the oil and gas industry; they are meant to draw attention to the activities most likely to lead to a fatality, and the life-saving actions over which an individual has control. The Rules are intended to support existing company management systems. They are not intended to replace company management systems, policies, safety training programmes, operating procedures, or work instructions, and in fact rely on this framework being in place. Standardisation of Life-Saving Rules across the oil and gas industry:

  • Enables better transfer of knowledge, experience and lessons learned
  • Increases individual awareness ownership of critical safeguards that prevent fatalities
  • Is a step towards an industry-wide common safety language
  • Improves clarity and allows consistent use by contractors and operators doing similar work across the world
  • To achieve the benefits of standardisation and prevent workforce fatalities, all 9 Rules should be adopted as written and not be modified or substituted; organisations should:

  • Adopt the IOGP Life-Saving Rules if they currently have no equivalent program
  • Transition to the revised IOGP Life-Saving Rules if using a different set of rules or if using the previous set of IOGP rules
  • Encourage joint ventures and partners to implement the revised IOGP LifeSaving Rules
  • Accept and encourage contractor use of the revised IOGP Life-Saving Rules
  • This document provides an introduction to the revised Rules, data analysis, and implementation guidance. Additional implementation resources are available from the IOGP website. IOGP Life-Saving Rules 7

    2.Implementing the Life-Saving Rules

    Standardisation of Life-Saving Rules simplifies training, aids compliance and understanding of critical safeguards, and helps transfer of experience and lessons learned. Effective industry wide implementation requires collaboration between operators, contractors, and subcontractors. To achieve the benefits of standardisation, all 9 Rules should be adopted as written and not be modified or substituted. It is accepted that operational risk profiles may differ, and the Rules may not address all an organisation’s fatality risks. In this case, companies are encouraged to manage these other risks through existing management systems or in other ways, e.g., campaigns, training, and workforce engagement, rather than creating additional Life-Saving Rules. It is important that the Rules are understood by all individuals, their supervisors, and their leaders, and that management have created the conditions necessary to enable everyone to follow the Rules.

    For further reading please contact Konsultan Safety at Ph. 081219844844 or ph./WA: 08111346468 or visit IOGP

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